The title of this lesson is heart disease also known as cardiovascular disease. This illness describes a range of conditions that affects the heart. Cardiovascular disease involves small or blocked blood arteries that can result in stroke, chest pains, and heart attack. The contents of the lesson shall cover the causes of heart disease, factors that increase the risk of suffering from heart illnesses, and methods through which the learners can prevent cardiovascular disease. The risk factors for the disease are both controllable and uncontrollable. Those that can be modified, treated and controlled include hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking, lack of physical activity, and diabetes. Illnesses linked to the heart are among the top ten leading causes of disease in the country. The lesson will also help the learners in identifying the characteristics of people at risk of heart disease and equip them with the necessary knowledge on the best way to care for them.

The learners Comment by Micki Darrow: Heading should be bold

The first group of audience is the staff working in the medical field, especially the nurses and physicians. The information the medical staff will receive in this lesson will make a significant contribution to their development. The reason for including the medical professionals in this lesson is that the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease cannot be complete without the involvement of the medical professionals since they are the people involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the disease. This group of learners will later play a significant role in teaching their patients on the best ways to prevent cardiovascular disease by making positive lifestyle choices. The lesson will teach the professionals the different methods of testing, diagnosing and treating the various comorbidies of cardiovascular disease.

The second group of learners for this teaching are people suffering from tobacco use, hypertension, diabetes, and other heart defects. The reason for including this class of individuals suffering from diabetes, hypertension, tobacco use, and previous heart-related ailments are at a higher risk of suffering from the cardiovascular disease (McTaggart, 2016). This lesson will educate this group with knowledge that will assist in managing their conditions to reduce their risk. Some people suffering from these conditions may not be consistent in taking their medications, but this lesson would encourage them to improve their state of health. For instance, convincing people engaged in tobacco use to stop smoking, as a sure way of reducing their risk. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE LESSON PLAN Assignment

The last group of audiences of the lesson includes the healthy citizens. The lesson primary objective is to give the necessary information that assists audience to prevent cardiovascular disease. The reason for including the healthy people as an audience in this lesson is to inform them of the issues and lifestyle choices that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease so that they can take the initiative of taking care of themselves. Although the cardiovascular disease has often been thought to affect men and the elderly, it has also been killing women and individuals in their mid-life (Cover, 2007). The other reason for including this group is that diet and behavioral changes influence common heart diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels through primary and secondary prevention (Nnakwe, 2012). This lesson will educate the healthy people with information that will help them to take responsibility for their health, understand their individual risks, maintain healthy blood pressure, avoid smoking or second-hand smoke, monitor cholesterol levels, and exercising on a regular basis.

Educational setting Comment by Micki Darrow: See above

Staff development

This lesson aims at developing the medical staff as a way of personnel development. The education setting of the team will take place at the various institutions in which they work. The reason for having the lesson at the workplace is to ensure that there is no disruption in the functioning of the medical institutions. The continuity of the operations of the hospitals will continue, as the professionals will attend the lesson in pre-planned shifts.

The lesson will include having the professionals providing specific hospital statistics that show the number of people suffering from heart disease who have sought the hospital services. The audience will also share their first hand experiences in handling the disease. The lesson will also educate them with skills to test, diagnose, treat and take care of the patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Patient education Comment by Micki Darrow:

The lesson will include teaching both those suffering from cardiovascular disease and the healthy ones. The inclusion of the healthy people is to educate them about the heart disease to equip them with the necessary information to makes changes that will assist in reducing the risk of suffering from the disease. The assumption of the lesson will be that every individual is at the risk of suffering from the disease. The instructors will subdivide the audiences into different groups depending on age, and use the most appropriate teaching aids that will be suitable for each subdivision.

Learner assessment

The first group of learners is the trained and qualified medical professionals already in practice. This group undergoes regular development training, which makes them very ready to learn. The assessment of these learners will involve evaluating a change in the way they handle patients of the illness or those at risk.

The second group includes the people suffering from hypertension, tobacco use, diabetes and other heart-related diseases. This groups includes people at different education and development levels, and the lesson will be tailored to each cluster. These people are ready to learn since they are at the highest risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Comment by Micki Darrow: Indent all paragraphs 0.5”

The last audience includes the healthy people or those not suffering from the conditions mentioned above. This group will also include people at different ages, education and development levels, which requires the lessons tailored to suit each group requirements. The instructors will increase this group’s readiness to learn by explaining the prevalence of the disease in the country.

The rationale for selecting cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of deaths for both genders in the country, being responsible for one in every four deaths (CDC, 2015). The CDC has also recorded that coronary heart disease kills over 370,000 people every year, being the most common types of the condition. In addition, more than 700,000 citizens suffer from a heart attack every year, with a majority of the suffering from the first attack, while approximately 200,000 are those who have had the first attack earlier (CDC, 2015).CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE LESSON PLAN Assignment

Due to the high number of people who suffer from cardiovascular disease, it is important for all individuals to be aware of the causes, signs, and symptoms. Understanding the causes is crucial for the learners to make changes to their lifestyles and diet to reduce the risk of suffering from the disease. In addition, knowing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack can help people to act fast in case a person has an attack. A person having an heart attack and receives emergency treatment quickly have higher chances of surviving (CDC, 2015).

Teaching approaches

The lesson will use theoretical approaches because the objective of the lesson is to give the information to the learners on all issues concerning cardiovascular disease. The instructors will aim at encouraging the students to make the necessary lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. The lesson will apply the health belief model. The model focuses on the perception of threats and evaluates a patient’s behavior (Weinman, et al., 2007). The theory is standard in health education since it identifies the audience’s perceived susceptibility cardiovascular disease. The instructor can then determine the actions to take.

References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015, August 10). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from Heart Disease Facts: Cover, F. (2007). Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice. CRC Press. McTaggart, L. (2016). Heart Disease: Drug-Free Alternatives to Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease. Carlsbad: Hay House, Inc. Nnakwe, N. (2012). Community Nutrition: Planning Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Weinman, J., Wallston, S., Newman, C., Mcmanus, A., Ayers, S., & Baum, A. (2007). Cambridge Handbook of psychology, health and medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


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